Bauhaus Building and Master Houses
Walter Gropius 1926
As Walter Gropius wrote in the Bauhaus manifesto in 1919,
‘The ultimate aim of the visual arts is the building! Their noblest function
was once the decoration of buildings. Today they exist in isolation, from
which they can be rescued only through the conscious, cooperative efforts of
all craftsmen. Architects, painters and sculptors must recognise again the
composite character of a building as an entity’.
The Bauhaus building in Dessau is itself a perfect example of
this attidude. It brought together a number of the most outstanding
contemporary architects and artists - including Kandinsky, Klee and
Moholy-Nagy - and was not only an innovative training center but also a
place of production and a focus of international debate.
The Bauhaus dissolved under pressure from the Nazis in 1933,
however the main building, most master houses (except one destroyed during
wartime bombing), a housing estate and a number of other buildings by the
Bauhaus architects stand as a visible remain of that influential movement.
The Bauhaus buildings - now carefully restored - are included on the UNESCO
World Culture and Nature Heritage List, and the Bauhaus Foundation is active
again as a public institution and open to the public.