Seagram Building
375 Park Avenue (at 53rd Street)
New York, NY 10152

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, with Philip Johnson (interiors) 1958

Much copied but not matched, the Seagram Building is generally recognized as the finest example of skyscrapers in the International Style.

Much of the building's success comes from its elegant proportions, and its relation to the overall site: the building is set back from the street by ninety feet, and in from the side by thirty. The forecourt so created uses reflecting pools and a low boundary wall in green marble to set off the building, borrowing heavily from Mies' earlier Pavilion in Barcelona (1929).


The building's external faces are given their character by the quality of the materials used - the tinted glass and the bronze 'I-beams' applied all the way up the building. The Seagram Building is the first bronze-colored skyscraper.

Mies had first used similar applied I-beams (but in steel) at his 1951 apartment towers at Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, welded to the outside of the structural columns.

'His purported aim was the stiffening of the frame of each bay, but more important was the creation of a surface texture that relieved the potential monotony of a smooth facade, while emphasizing the verticality of the overall form. The architect later explained that he had used the device primarily because, without it, the building simply "did not look right."

Carter Wiseman in Shaping a Nation, 1998 

In this Mies was, in the most subtle way, adding ornament to his building, for which he was criticized by the Modernist purists.

Simon Glynn, 2001

How to visit

The building is on the east side of Park Avenue between 52nd and 53rd Streets. It is open to the public, with public spaces inside including the Four Seasons Restaurant (designed by Philip Johnson) and the Seagram Gallery on the Fourth Floor.

Tours are conducted weekly, at 3 p.m. on Tuesdays. For further information and opening times call +1 212 572 7000.

Subway: 6 to 51st Street; E or F to Lexington Avenue.
Bus: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M101, M102 to 52nd Street.
Parking: On-site lot

The Seagram building is directly across Park Avenue from Lever House.

Books and other web sites

Click the book title to view and to order direct from


0226740609_m.gif (13814 bytes) Mies van der Rohe: A critical biography
Franz Schulze


0393315045_m.gif (5721 bytes) The Master Builders: Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright
Peter Blake

A highly readable introduction.



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